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Quotas

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Friday, November 10, 2017
Abstract Proportional electoral systems tend to be more beneficial for women's descriptive representation than majority systems. However, within proportional systems the gender equality of election outcomes differs, highlighting the importance of...
Thursday, October 19, 2017
Gender quotas aim to increase women’s parliamentary representation. However, the effectiveness of quotas varies. This article explores this issue further by examining the case of Poland, where gender quotas were introduced in 2011. The Polish case...
Monday, October 02, 2017
Co-organized by iKNOW Politics and International Gender Champions, this Facebook Live discussion brought together a diverse panel of Geneva-based Gender Champions who shared their experiences and views on the role of male champions in promoting...
Friday, September 08, 2017
The government has rejected all six proposals to give parliament more equal female representation, prepared by the Commons’ women and equalities committee, including fines for parties that do not select enough women as candidates.  The women and...
Friday, August 25, 2017
By Renee Laiviera, Commissioner of the National Commission for the Promotion of Equality of Malta, discusses the barriers that keep women from entering the political sphere. She maintains that gender quotas are one of the most effective ways to spur...
Thursday, August 17, 2017
More women have been elected to Parliament this year compared to 2013, but the 12th Parliament might be plunged into an unprecedented constitutional crisis of meeting the two-thirds gender rule. The full implementation of the two-thirds gender...
Wednesday, August 16, 2017
(PRESS RELEASE) – 31 July 2017, Colombo: A discussion forum on operationalizing the 25% quota for women in Local Government, and comparative experiences on advancing women’s political participation was held on Wednesday, 26 July 2017 at the...
Tuesday, July 25, 2017
This opinion piece was originally published by Times of Malta on 18 July 2017 here. By Natasha Azzopardi-Muscat, president of the European Public Health Association and a senior lecturer at the University of Malta. Over the past days, the issue of...
Thursday, July 06, 2017
A women-only-additional-seats system is the most feasible, fastest and least contentious way of accelerating women’s participation in formal politics, says Dr Maznah Mohamad, an academic and a member of the steering committee on gender and electoral...
Tuesday, May 23, 2017
The Women in Public Service Project’s “50 x 50” initiative has a new tool to help chart a course toward its goal of gender equality in decision-making positions in public service by 2050. A growing data base on global women’s leadership can now be...
Wednesday, May 17, 2017
The clips aim at building understanding among Lebanese stakeholders, and especially political decision-makers, on the range of possible temporary special measures that can be adopted to encourage and increase women’s participation in elections,...
Monday, May 15, 2017
The government of Kenya has launched a strategy aimed at supporting greater participation of women in elective politics. This comes ahead of the two third gender rule bill set to be reintroduced in parliament. The bill set to come up for voting for...
Wednesday, May 10, 2017
This conference seeks to explore in the nature, origins, and manifestations of resistance to women’s political leadership, taking a global perspective and engaging scholars and practitioners working in a host of related areas. Positioned at the...
Friday, May 05, 2017
The clips aim at building understanding among Lebanese stakeholders, and especially political decision-makers, on the range of possible temporary special measures that can be adopted to encourage and increase women’s participation in elections,...
Wednesday, May 03, 2017
This UNDP clips aim at building understanding among Lebanese stakeholders, and especially political decision-makers, on the range of possible temporary special measures that can be adopted to encourage and increase women’s participation in elections...
Friday, April 28, 2017
The research presented in this paper provides useful insights into how increasing women’s descriptive representation within a legislature affects citizens’ interest and engagement in the political process, or their symbolic representation. Uruguay’s...
Teresa Morais Portuguese Member of Parliament and Party Leader
Tuesday, April 11, 2017
Teresa Morais is a Portuguese politician and jurist. She is currently Member of Parliament and Vice President of the Social Democratic Party. She previously held the position of Minister of Culture, Equality and Citizenship. Ms Morais was...
Tuesday, April 11, 2017
Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare has moved a Motion in Parliament to consider the White Paper on the proposed new election system for Solomon Islands. Apart from addressing some of the shortfalls in the current first past the post system, Prime...
Tuesday, April 04, 2017
NAIROBI — Kenyan activists on Monday welcomed a High Court ruling giving parliament 60 days to ensure a third of lawmakers are women or face dissolution. The ruling follows a lengthy struggle to increase women's political representation in the...
Friday, March 31, 2017
Young people are often excluded or overlooked as political candidates. Politics is typically regarded as a space for politically experienced men, and while women are often disadvantaged in accumulating experience to run for office, young people are...
Thursday, March 30, 2017
The introduction of a quota system in the political landscape to facilitate a greater number of women at all levels of politics, has been shunned by a group of young men, majority of whom stated that gender presented no barrier to political...
Thursday, March 23, 2017
Quotas aren't anathema to meritocracy: they increase competence levels by displacing mediocre men, write Timothy Besley, Olle Folke, Torsten Persson and iKNOW Politics Expert Johanna Rickne in their paper. The abstract is provided below. Abstract...
Tuesday, March 14, 2017
By Pilar Tello Rozas and Carolina Floru Over the last two decades, important regulatory progress has been made in Latin America on the promotion of women’s political participation. 16 of the 18 Latin American countries have implemented affirmative...
Wednesday, March 08, 2017
iKNOW Politics expert Gretchen Bauer submitted the following article to be published on International Women’s Day 2017. In December 2016, Ghana held its seventh parliamentary and presidential elections since transitioning from decades of military...
Tuesday, March 07, 2017
This year’s International Women’s Day’s theme, “Be Bold for Change”, is a call to forge a better working world - a more gender inclusive world. In particular, it calls for groundbreaking action that truly drives the greatest change for women....
Tuesday, March 07, 2017
Algerian law requires the next parliament to be made up of 30 percent women — but political parties across the spectrum have struggled to come up with enough female candidates to fill the quota. While universities in this Muslim North African nation...
Wednesday, March 01, 2017
KATHMANDU, Feb 28: One of the key demands of the people’s movement in 2006 was increased representation of women, Dalits and people from marginalized communities in various state structures. The local elections scheduled to be held on May 14 are set...
Tuesday, February 21, 2017
Join a conversation between members of the judiciary, executive and legislative branches and global policy experts organized by the Graduate Institute of Geneva in collaboration with Women@theTable and The Women in Public Service Project at the...
Wednesday, February 15, 2017
For women across the world, electoral politics can be a hostile and violent place. Women who stand for office can expect casual sexism and discrimination, ranging from snide remarks about their appearance to being propositioned by their male...
Tuesday, February 14, 2017
By Nita Bhalla NEW DELHI, Feb 7 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - The pitiful show of female candidates in India's state elections is an indictment of the failure of successive governments to enact a two-decade-old bill to give women a stronger voice...
Wednesday, February 08, 2017
From 27-30 November 2016, International IDEA Haiti office organized a conference for the National Federation of Women Mayors of Haiti (FENAFEMH), in partnership with the South Training Institute (IFOS). For the first time in Haiti, a 30% gender...
Tuesday, February 07, 2017
It is a well-established finding that proportional representation (PR) is associated with greater female legislative representation than single member majoritarian systems However, the degree to which different types of PR rules affect voting for...
Wednesday, January 18, 2017
By Alison Smale About five decades since the surge in modern feminism, it is unlikely that most women — in the United States, at least — would have anticipated the current political climate in which gender equality remains almost as elusive as ever...
Wednesday, January 11, 2017
By Tasmina Ahmed-Sheikh MP The report published yesterday by the House of Commons’ Women and Equalities Committee on increasing the number of women at Westminster is an important contribution to the debate on how parliament and political parties...
Wednesday, January 11, 2017
Sweden's minority center-left coalition will introduce legislation in February to make listed companies increase the number of women in their boardrooms, news agency TT said yesterday. Prime Minister Stefan Lofven's coalition of Social Democrats and...
Wednesday, January 11, 2017
This paper was submitted by Catherine M. Watuka, Executive Director of the NGO Women United for Social, Economic & Total Empowerment based in Kenya. The  purpose of this paper is to outline and evaluate the barriers women face in becoming...
uk
Wednesday, January 11, 2017
Gender quotas have emerged globally as a key solution for improving women's political representation. Yet in Britain—where they take the form of all-women shortlists (AWS)—they remain contentious, both within and outside political parties. In this...
aws
Wednesday, January 11, 2017
The UK Labour Party has long utilised All-Women candidate shortlists in an aim to ensure that female representation in the House of Commons increases. This has always been controversial, however it has been responsible for a noted increase in the...
uk
Tuesday, January 10, 2017
Political parties must face fines if they do not ensure at least 45% of general election candidates are female, MPs have recommended. The Women and Equalities Committee said the fact that 30% of current MPs were women represented a "serious...
Wednesday, December 21, 2016
Johanna Rickne is a Associate Professor in Economics at the Swedish Institute for Social Research at Stockholm University. Her research concerns gender quotas, careers in politics, and questions about family-work balance in the political and private...

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