Quotas

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Monday, May 14, 2018
Empty women seats in parliament
By Shehnila Zardari Women may account for half of the world’s population but their representation in parliament was recorded in 2015 at only 22.1%. Two decades earlier, the United Nations’ Fourth World Conference on Women had unanimously signed the...
Thursday, June 23, 2016
Enhancing Women’s Role and Participation in Governance in India
To empower elected women representatives, several initiatives supported by UNDP in partnership with the Ministry of Panchayati Raj, such as trainings, workshops, exposure visits are helping women bring socio-political change in the communities....
Thursday, October 23, 2014
Emerging Trends in Women’s Participation in Politics in Africa
Women have traditionally been marginalised from the structures of state that determine political and legislative  priorities. In recent years, Africa has witnessed rapid escalation in female political representation. This paper  illustrates the...
Friday, May 23, 2014
Egypt: Women Council Opposes Proposed Women Representation in Parliament
Women were angered by the percentage allocated to their representation in the future parliament according to the new parliament law, the National Council for Women said on Thursday. A committee formed by a presidential decree to draft this new law...
Thursday, May 22, 2014
European Elections 2014: Gender Perspective
Voters in the EU will elect the 751 Members of the European Parliament during the European elections of 22-25 May 2014. The new European Parliament, representing the interests of over 500 million citizens, will shape European legislation over the...
Thursday, May 22, 2014
Electoral Gender Quota Systems and their Implementation in Europe
The note is an updated version of the 2011 study Electoral Gender Quotas and Their Implementation in Europe (PE 408.309), and it maps the diffusion of electoral gender quotas in the 30 EU/EEA countries and evaluates the effectiveness of different...
Thursday, May 08, 2014
Egypt women: Rights on paper, not yet on ground
Women activists say they won a major step forward with Egypt's new constitution, which enshrined greater rights for women. But months after its passage, they're worrying whether those rights will be implemented or will turn out to be merely ink on...
Monday, September 16, 2013
Egyptian state-run women's council calls for quota of women MPs
The National Council for Women called on the committee which is drafting Egypt’s constitution to include a quota for women in parliament, Egypt’s state news agency MENA reported on Monday.     The state-run body organised a meeting on Monday to...
Friday, September 06, 2013
Egypt: The Path to Real Participation of Women Yes to Quota
Egyptian Women struggled for over 6 decades in order to obtain the right to political participation as voters and candidates, which was achieved through being stipulated in the Constitution 1956. This resulted in the participation of women in the...
Monday, July 22, 2013
Electoral Politics: Making Quotas Work for Women
This book focuses on the long struggle against women's political exclusion. The authors examine a wide range of issues related to the political exclusion of many women inclusing ideologies, cultural barriers, electoral systems, etc. Gender quotas...
Friday, December 07, 2012
Europe: More women on company boards. Europe to commit and set the example.
I would like to kindly invite you to support my Campaign for “More women on company boards. Europe to commit and set the example.” and to promote my initiative to other interested parties and actors. Only 10% women board members in european...
Wednesday, May 30, 2012
Europe: Little Money to Promote Gender Equality in Eastern Europe
4 Mar 2012  - Despite pushes from international bodies such as the United Nations (UN) or the European Union (EU) to promote gender equality in Central and Eastern Europe, access to funding for such initiatives remains largely conditional...
Friday, January 13, 2012
Experiences in Implementing Parity Laws to Improve Women's Political Representation
The adoption of the parity law in Senegal is an important step on the way to increased political participation and equal political representation of women.  Senegal’s women were rightfully proud of this landmark achievement, but other countries’...
Tuesday, April 12, 2011
Egypt: "Towards a fair representation of women in the elected councils: Proportional representation list system"
The Egyptian Center for Women's Rights will hold a seminar entitled "Towards a fair representation in the Parliament" on Monday, April 4, 2011.  Numerous male and female participants including heads of parties, political experts, legal experts,...
Friday, January 22, 2010
Election: Togo
The President is elected by popular vote to serve a 5-year term. In the National Assembly 81 members are elected by popular vote to serve 5-year terms. Togo is a one party dominant state with the Rally of the Togolese People in power. Opposition...
Friday, January 22, 2010
Election: Tajikistan
The President is elected by popular vote to serve a 7-year term. In the National Assembly (Majlisi Milliy), 34 members are elected by indirect vote to serve 5-year terms. Of these, 25 are selected by local deputies and 8 are appointed by the...
Friday, January 22, 2010
Election: Costa Rica
The President is elected by popular vote to serve a 4-year term. In the Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa) 57 members are elected by direct popular vote to serve 4-year terms.Description of electoral system: * The President is elected by...
Friday, January 22, 2010
Election: Ukraine
The President is elected by popular vote to serve a 5-year term. In the Supreme Council (Verkhovna Rada) 450 members are allocated on a proportional basis to parties with at least 4% of the total vote to serve 4-year terms.