Opportunities and Challenges of Women's Political Participation in India

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April 28, 2014

Opportunities and Challenges of Women's Political Participation in India

ndia has witnessed the world’s largest experiment in grassroots local democracy, triggered by the 73rd and 74th Amendments to the Indian Constitution, which created a third tier of governance – Panchayati Raj Institutions (Village Councils) and urban local bodies. These are elected bodies and cannot be dissolved by administrative order. Since 1995, three rounds of elections have been held; and as one-third of seats (proposed to be increased to 50 percent) are reserved for women, more than 1.5 million women have been elected to office in each round.

It is evident therefore that first generation issues of framing the ‘rules of the game’ and creating an understanding about them have been addressed.
Publisher: 
ICWR & UN Women
Publication year: 
2012