Parliaments & Representatives

Parliaments & Representatives

Parliaments & Representatives

Women make up only 23.5% of Members of Parliament according to the latest available data of the Inter-Parliamentary Union. While significant strides in women’s political participation have been made since the adoption of the Beijing Platform for Action in 1995, which set Member States’ target of achieving gender balance in political decision-making, women are still underrepresented in political decision-making at all levels and gender balance remains an aspirational goal.  Gains in women’s participation have been notable in countries that have taken proactive steps to support women’s political participation, including reforming or amending discriminatory laws, taking concrete action to address violence against women in politics and gender discrimination within parliaments, addressing gender-specific barriers, and supporting women in all forms of decision-making including at local level and in executive government.


Claudia Pavlovich celebrates her victory as governor of Sonora, Mexico, in 2015. (Agencia el Universal/AP)
Mexico’s bold break with machismo: Congress is now half female, and gender parit...
HERMOSILLO, Mexico — When Claudia Pavlovich ran for governor of Sonora, a vast swath of cowboy country south of Arizona, not a single Mexican state was led by a woman. Fewer than 10 percent of the...
Activists from All India Democratic Women's Association (AIDWA) shout slogans demanding the passing of the Women's Reservation Bill near parliament house in 2011 in New Delhi [File: Raveendran/AFP]
India: 25 years on, Women’s Reservation Bill still not a reality
India ranks 148th in a list of 193 countries based on the percentage of elected women representatives in their national parliaments.New Delhi, India – “This is a special day in the history of...
La cheffe du Conseil mohawk de Kahnawake récemment élue, Kahsennenhawe Sky-Deer  PHOTO : RADIO-CANADA / IVANOH DEMERS
Indigenous leaders praise historic election victories by women
It's no coincidence that a wave of Indigenous women have won leadership roles previously held only by men, say leaders and advocates.They argue it's a sign of the times that Mandy Gull-Masty was...
Greens Senator Larissa Waters at a press conference at Parliament House in Canberra, Monday, 30 November, 2020. (AAP Image/Mick Tsikas) NO ARCHIVING Source: AAP
'Toxic boys club': Women in politics join calls for code of conduct in...
Federal MPs have told a women’s leadership summit a "legacy of misogyny" and "sexist underbelly" continues to plague Australian politics and must be addressed.Women from across the political spectrum...
Indigenous academic and activist Elisa Loncon was elected as president of the Constituent Convention during the body's first session on July 4 in Santiago [Javier Torres/AFP]
Mapuche woman to lead body drafting Chile’s new constitution
Constitutional assembly picks academic Elisa Loncon to lead body drafting new text to replace Pinochet-era constitution.The architects of Chile’s new constitution have chosen an Indigenous Mapuche...
Photos taken remotely through a projector by Chloe Jones/PBS NewsHour.
More Black women are being elected to office. Few feel safe once they get there
Every day for more than four years, Kiah Morris lived in fear. She developed a safety routine for her family with the help of an international security expert, installed security cameras outside...
Pemmy Majodina. Photo: Gallo Images/Getty Images
Pan-African Parliament drama: Majodina accepts apology after Senegal rep 'c...
ANC chief whip Pemmy Majodina has confirmed that she accepted an apology from a fellow member of the Pan-African Parliament (PAP), Djibril War, the Senegal representative.War is alleged to have...
The MP was ordered to leave parliament after a complaint about her trousers
Tanzanian MPs demand apology for 'tight' trousers incident
Female MPs in Tanzania have called for an apology to an MP who was ordered to leave parliament because of her trousers.A male MP said the way some women dressed invited ridicule to parliament."Mr...
Mind the (Funding) Gap!
By Yukihiko Hamada and Khushbu AgrawalThere’s no denying that money plays an important role in politics. However, if the flow of money in politics, commonly known as political...

iKNOW Politics Partners Resources

International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
Women’s Political Participation: Africa Barometer 2021
International IDEA
UN Women, Inter-Parliamentary Union
Women in Politics Map 2021
UN Women, Inter-Parliamentary Union
Women in Politics Map 2021
Inter-Parliamentary Union
Women in Parliament in 2020: The year in review
© Hagen Hopkins/Getty Images via AFP

Related Websites

UN Women's Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database
City 50-50 Platform encourages gender parity in power spheres in Brazil
Violence against Women in Politics
E-learning Portal for Parliaments
Women’s Caucus Fact Sheet