Women’s political participation remains low, with women occupying only a quarter of parliamentary seats around the world. This column explores one possible obstacle to political participation: female politicians being more likely to become targets of physical and psychological violence while in office. The authors show that in Italy, marginally elected women mayors are approximately three times more likely to experience an attack than marginally elected men mayors. Women are likely targeted because of their gender identity, as policy choices are not a significant factor in explaining the gender gap in attacks.
Click here to read the full article published by CEPR on 21 September 2023.