Academic Paper / Article

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Friday, November 08, 2019
Women are more likely than men to leave politics after an early loss
Americans elected more than 100 women to office in the 2018 midterm elections, but women still hold less than a quarter of the seats in Congress. Why are women so poorly represented? Theories include: women are less politically ambitious; there is a...
Wednesday, November 06, 2019
Women to the rescue: The gendered effects of public discontent on legislative nominations in Latin America
Political parties act as gatekeepers, meaning that improvements in the representation of women depend on parties’ willingness to nominate women candidates. Previous research suggests that party characteristics and gender quotas largely explain women...
Tuesday, September 24, 2019
Maternal mortality and women's political participation
Raising women’s political participation leads to faster maternal mortality decline. We estimate that the introduction of quotas for women in parliament results in a 9–12 per cent decline in maternal mortality. In terms of mechanisms, it also leads...
Tuesday, September 10, 2019
A gender perspective on role performance of elected panchayat leaders in India
Gender equality is fundamentally related to sustainable development, and globally accepted as a necessity for the promotion of human rights. Gender empowerment is determined by active participation of women and men in social, economic, and political...
Tuesday, September 10, 2019
Does exposure to gender role models increase women’s political ambition? A field experiment with politicians
There is a persistent gender gap in motivations to run for political office. While exposure to role models is widely believed to increase women’s political ambition, there is little field experimental evidence on whether exposure to female...
Tuesday, August 20, 2019
Gender equality and electoral violence in Africa: Unlocking the peacemaking potential of women
IMF examines the impact of gender equality on electoral violence in Africa using micro-level data from the sixth round of Afrobarometer surveys. The sample covers 30 countries. IMF finds that gender equality is associated with lower electoral...
Friday, July 05, 2019
The cost of doing politics? Analyzing violence and harassment against female politicians
Violence against women in politics is increasingly recognized around the world as a significant barrier to women’s political participation, following a troubling rise in reports of assault, intimidation, and abuse directed at female politicians. Yet...
Friday, May 31, 2019
Between glass ceilings and glass walls: A study of women's participation in public administration in the Arab States
Inclusive decision-making is necessary in terms of both legitimacy and good policy outcomes. Recognizing this, closing persistent gender gaps in public life has emerged as a critical policy issue as countries increase their efforts to foster...
Friday, May 17, 2019
Access to justice for women and girls with disabilities
Women and girls with disabilities, who make up almost one-fifth of the world’s population of women, face significant barriers to accessing justice, due to discrimination on the basis of both gender and disability, accessibility barriers to the...
Thursday, May 09, 2019
Presidents’ sex and popularity: baselines, dynamics and policy performance
Public approval is a crucial source of executive power in presidential systems. Does the public support female and male presidents similarly? Combining insights from gender and politics research with psychological evidence, this study theorizes sex-...
Tuesday, April 02, 2019
Strengthening women's participation in local governance: lessons and strategies
South Africa has made great strides in establishing a constitutional and legislative framework for building a participatory democracy. This paper seeks to explore the extent to which existing participatory mechanisms enable active participation by...
Tuesday, April 02, 2019
Political Participation of Women in Local Governance: A Case Study of Selected Local Government Bodies in Eastern Sri Lanka
Although Sri Lanka has 51% women, their participation in local governance as well as in the national parliament is 5% in total. The strong social development indicator of women in areas such as health and education has not translated into their...
Tuesday, April 02, 2019
Women in local government: what we know and where we go from here
Women are underrepresented in most elected and appointed positions in local government in the United States. This essay details what we know about women’s representation in cities and counties, with a discussion of the factors associated with women’...
Tuesday, April 02, 2019
Contesting gender quotas: dynamics of resistance
Gender quotas have diffused rapidly around the globe in recent decades, suggesting widespread and dramatic transformations in women's access to political power. Yet, quotas often face serious challenges following their introduction, resulting in a...
Monday, March 25, 2019
“The quota encouraged me to run”: evaluating Jordan’s municipal quota for women
Gender quotas are a means to improve women’s political representation. This article examines the impact of Jordan’s municipal quota enacted in 2007. The quota drew into the political arena women who would otherwise not have run for office. Women...
Friday, December 07, 2018
Women in politics: Gaining ground for progressive outcomes in Pakistan
Inclusive politics remains an elusive goal in Pakistan, which has a history of military interference in governance institutions, unstable elected governments and internecine conflict. Women’s voices, within the corridors of power or as constituents...
Monday, November 19, 2018
Violence against women in politics: A rising global trend
Recent years have witnessed a troubling rise in reports of assault, intimidation, and abuse directed at politically active women. The United Nations General Assembly first called for zero tolerance for violence against female candidates and elected...
Monday, November 19, 2018
The law and violence against women in politics
Latin America has been at the vanguard in implementing diverse strategies to combat violence against women in politics (VAWIP). In 2012, Bolivia became the first country to criminalize “political violence and harassment against women” with Law 243....