Parliaments & Representatives

Parliaments & Representatives

Parliaments & Representatives

Women make up only 23.5% of Members of Parliament according to the latest available data of the Inter-Parliamentary Union. While significant strides in women’s political participation have been made since the adoption of the Beijing Platform for Action in 1995, which set Member States’ target of achieving gender balance in political decision-making, women are still underrepresented in political decision-making at all levels and gender balance remains an aspirational goal.  Gains in women’s participation have been notable in countries that have taken proactive steps to support women’s political participation, including reforming or amending discriminatory laws, taking concrete action to address violence against women in politics and gender discrimination within parliaments, addressing gender-specific barriers, and supporting women in all forms of decision-making including at local level and in executive government.


Liberia: Deputy Speaker Vows to Robustly Advocate for Women’s 30% Political Representation
Liberia: Deputy Speaker Vows to Robustly Advocate for Women’s 30% Political Repr...
MONROVIA – Campaigns to increase women’s representation in political representation to 30 percent are picking up steam again in the country with Deputy Speaker J. Fonati Koffa...
Photo: Þórhildur Sunna Ævarsdóttir/Facebook.
Iceland’s Parliament reschedules sessions, opens nursery to be a more family-fri...
A nursery, complete with a diaper change facility, has been opened at the first floor of Iceland’s Parliament building. Secretary-General of Alþingi Ragna Árnadóttir told Vísir that this is...
Represent Women
Gender quota helps women win in Egypt
By Fatma TawfikIn 2019, after Egypt witnessed a long fight for gender equality in the political, economic and social spheres, the Egyptian parliament approved a constitutional amendment that includes...
French President Emmanuel Macron and German Chancellor Angela Merkel attend a video conference at The Elysee Palace in Paris, France, January 11, 2021. Ludovic Marin/Pool via REUTERS
When will women hold as many top government jobs as men?
By Emma BathaLONDON, Feb 1 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Boosting the number of female leaders and government ministers will help build a stronger post-pandemic world, the head of U.N. Women,...
Equality Parliamentary Secretary Rosianne Cutajar
Gender corrective mechanism to boost women MPs clears second reading in Malta...
Equality Parliamentary Secretary Rosianne Cutajar closes the Second Reading debate on the gender corrective mechanism.A corrective electoral mechanism to boost the number of women MPs has cleared the...
Senator Leila de Lima of the Philippines has been stuck in jail since 2017, after opening an investigation into the murders of thousands of alleged drug dealers and users under the Duterte administration. WIKIMEDIA COMMONS
For women in politics globally, the job can mean abuse, jail or death
In the early afternoon of May 13, 2020, Joana Mamombe, a member of parliament in Zimbabwe, was seized by security officers after she participated in a pop-up protest, demanding aid for the poor...
Civic group members (L) submit a petition requesting more female representation among parliamentary candidates to ruling party lawmaker Seiko Noda (C) on Oct. 8 in Tokyo. (Kyodo)
Japan eyes 35% quota for women political candidates by 2025
TOKYO - Japan will aim for a 35 percent quota for female parliamentary candidates by 2025, Cabinet Office officials have said, hoping that setting a concrete target will advance gender equality in...
Africa misses opportunity to promote equality in elections
Women make up more than half of Africa's population, but their representation in politics in the past decade has been insignificant.With a numerical significance of 52 percent against their male...
Nanaia Mahuta, the new foreign minister, is one of eight women in the cabinet © Getty Images
Jacinda Ardern appoints most diverse cabinet in New Zealand history
Prime minister appoints Maori as first woman foreign minister and offers Greens two posts.Jacinda Ardern has appointed the most diverse cabinet in New Zealand’s history, with indigenous Maori...

iKNOW Politics Partners Resources

International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
Women’s Political Participation: Africa Barometer 2021
International IDEA
UN Women, Inter-Parliamentary Union
Women in Politics Map 2021
UN Women, Inter-Parliamentary Union
Women in Politics Map 2021
Inter-Parliamentary Union
Women in Parliament in 2020: The year in review
© Hagen Hopkins/Getty Images via AFP

Related Websites

UN Women's Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database
City 50-50 Platform encourages gender parity in power spheres in Brazil
Violence against Women in Politics
E-learning Portal for Parliaments
Women’s Caucus Fact Sheet