Parliaments & Representatives

Learn & Interact

Learn & Interact

Banner English
Closing the Gender Gap in Politics
BackgroundMore than 40 years after the entry into force of CEDAW and 26 years after the United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, progress around women’s full and equal political participation has stalled and gender balance remains a long way off. Women only make up 25% of all...
Commemorating the 40th Anniversary of CEDAW
BackgroundThe Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) is the most important treaty on women’s human rights. Adopted in December 1979 and ratified by 189 States, it is a leading tool in eliminating all forms of discrimination against women and...
Violence Against Women in Politics
For more than one year, the groundbreaking #MeToo movement and related Time’s Up initiative have broken taboos and sparked an unprecedented global conversation about the sexism, harassment and violence many women face in professional environments.Women politicians have also been saying #MeToo in...
Youth Political Participation
Young people are often excluded or overlooked as political candidates. Politics is typically regarded as a space for politically experienced men, and while women are often disadvantaged in accumulating experience to run for office, young people are systematically marginalized because of their young...
Violence Against Women in Politics
Recently, elected women from France, Canada, Scotland and Israel, to name a few examples, publicly condemned misogynist and violent political cultures. Not only did they expose acts of harassment and violence in politics, they made the case that violence should not be the price of participating in...
Eliminating Discriminatory Laws and Closing Gender Gaps
Worldwide, several challenges to the full realization of women's rights persist, and women continue face discrimination in access to education, work, social protection, inheritance, economic assets, productive resources and participation in decision-making and society at large.Gender discrimination...
Bernadette Lahai
Dr. Bernadette Lahai
Hon Dr Bernadette Lahai is Agriculturist by profession. In the 2002 general elections, she was elected to the Sierra Leone House of Parliament under the Sierra Leone People’s Party. She won re-election in the 2007 and in the 2012 Parliamentary elections, with 69.15%. Dr. Bernadette Lahai was the...
The Saturday Paper
Julia Banks on how politics fails women
When Liberal MP Julia Banks quit the Morrison government in 2018, her resignation was cited as an example of how hostile the political environment can be towards women.But Banks’ story and her resignation happened to coincide with a landmark report: Respect @ Work.That report, and the changes...
How did Rwanda become no.1 for gender equality? IPU
How did Rwanda become no.1 for gender equality?
In 2008, the Rwanda Chamber of Deputies was the first elected national parliament where women were the majority. The proportion of MPs who are women is at 61.25% today, way above the current global average of 26.4%. Rwanda has been at the top of the IPU’s monthly ranking of women in national...
Ala Talabani
Ala Talabani
Ala Talabani is a Member of the Council of Representatives of Iraq. She is the President of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan bloc in the Iraqi Parliament and a co-founder of the High Council for Iraqi Women.This interview was conducted on 7 September 2021, in Vienna (Austria), during the Fifth...
What is a gender-sensitive parliament? (IPU)
What is a gender-sensitive parliament?
What are the criteria that make a parliament gender-sensitive? Which parliaments are more gender-sensitive than others? How can your parliament become more gender-sensitive? Answers in this short video.Click here to access the video.
14th Summit of women speakers of parliament (Video)
14th Summit of women speakers of parliament (Video)
The 14th Summit of Women Speakers of Parliament (14SWSP), convened by the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU), in close cooperation with the Oliy Majlis (Supreme Assembly) of Uzbekistan, took place in-person, in Tashkent (Uzbekistan), from 8 to 9 September 2022.The Summit provided women in the highest...
OECD Toolkit for Mainstreaming and Implementing Gender Equality
This online resource will guide you in implementing the OECD Recommendation on Gender Equality in Public Life. In addition to better familiarising you with the Principles, the Toolkit lets you compare indicators and good practices in use in numerous countries. The self-assessment tools will help...
UN Women
Action kit: Engaging parliaments in gender responsive budgeting
This action kit is a practical tool for unpacking gender responsive budgeting (GRB) and engaging parliaments and parliamentarians in strengthening scrutiny and oversight of gender responsive budget formulation, execution, and evaluation. As a result of their interventions, the budget process can be...
Guide for participatory gender audits of parliaments published by OSCE PA and Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (OSCE)
Guide for participatory gender audits of parliaments published by OSCE PA and Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights
The OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) and the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly (OSCE PA) today published a “Participatory Gender Audits of Parliaments, a Step-by-Step Guidance Document,” which offers comprehensive tools and detailed steps on how parliaments can fully...
CWP gender-sensitising parliaments
CWP gender-sensitising parliaments
The Commonwealth Parliamentary Association’s Gender Sensitising Parliamentary Guidelines: A Seven-Step Field Guide (‘Field Guide’) provides a blueprint for Commonwealth parliaments interested in undertaking a Gender Sensitive Parliament (GSP) review of their institutions with the objective of...
The role of Parliament in achieving gender equality - INTER PARES
The role of Parliament in achieving gender equality
This course, written by Dr Sonia Palmieri, explores why and how to build gender sensitive parliaments. Rich in case studies, it sketches the international framework for action and outlines opportunities for shaping contextually-appropriate parliamentary processes and norms. Click here to...
Gender-sensitive scrutiny: A guide to more effective law-making and oversight
Gender-sensitive scrutiny: A guide to more effective law-making and oversight
Parliaments have a key role in ensuring not only that everyone is properly represented in decision-making, but also that legislation and government actions take account of the needs and experiences of women and men on an equal basis. However, the achievement of gender equality requires more than...

If you have any questions or comments, please contact us using the form below.


iKNOW Politics Partners Resources

UN Women, Inter-Parliamentary Union
Women in politics: 2023
UN Women and IPU
UN Women, Inter-Parliamentary Union
Women in politics: 2023
UN Women and IPU
Inter-Parliamentary Union
Women in parliament 2022: The year in review
IPU - Celia Xakriaba, a climate activist, is one of 4 indigenous women to be elected to the Brazilian Parliament. © Douglas Magno/AFP
Inter-Parliamentary Union
IPU statement on violence in the Senegal Parliament
A session in the Senegal Parliament, CARMEN ABD ALI / AFP

Related Websites

UN Women's Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database
City 50-50 Platform encourages gender parity in power spheres in Brazil
Violence against Women in Politics
E-learning Portal for Parliaments
Women’s Caucus Fact Sheet