Parliaments & Representatives

Learn & Interact

Learn & Interact

Commemorating the 40th Anniversary of CEDAW
BackgroundThe Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) is the most important treaty on women’s human rights. Adopted in December 1979 and ratified by 189 States, it is a leading tool in eliminating all forms of discrimination against women and...
Violence Against Women in Politics
For more than one year, the groundbreaking #MeToo movement and related Time’s Up initiative have broken taboos and sparked an unprecedented global conversation about the sexism, harassment and violence many women face in professional environments.Women politicians have also been saying #MeToo in...
Youth Political Participation
Young people are often excluded or overlooked as political candidates. Politics is typically regarded as a space for politically experienced men, and while women are often disadvantaged in accumulating experience to run for office, young people are systematically marginalized because of their young...
Violence Against Women in Politics
Recently, elected women from France, Canada, Scotland and Israel, to name a few examples, publicly condemned misogynist and violent political cultures. Not only did they expose acts of harassment and violence in politics, they made the case that violence should not be the price of participating in...
Eliminating Discriminatory Laws and Closing Gender Gaps
Worldwide, several challenges to the full realization of women's rights persist, and women continue face discrimination in access to education, work, social protection, inheritance, economic assets, productive resources and participation in decision-making and society at large.Gender discrimination...
Parliamentary Oversight of Gender Equality
Parliaments are key stakeholders in the promotion and achievement of gender equality. Parliamentary oversight processes provide and opportunity to ensure that governments maintain commitments to gender equality. While women parliamentarians have often assumed responsibility for this oversight, many...
Violence Against Women: What can parliaments do to protect women?
Watch the fourth in a series of short videos on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This video shares some shocking facts about violence against women and outlines steps that parliaments can take against this scourge.This is a partnership video project between the IPU, Arizona State...
Kibowa Faridah Hajjat
Kibowa Faridah Hajjat is the Chairperson of the National Women Council in Uganda.This interview was conducted in March 2019 in the margins of the sixty-third session of the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW63) in New York.
Veronica Tsitsi Muzenda
Veronica Tsitsi Muzenda is a Member of Parliament from Zimbabwe.This interview was conducted in October 2019 in the margins of the the 141st Assembly of the Inter-Parliamentary Union in Belgrad.
Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka and Gabriela Cuevas discuss women in politics
The new Women in Politics Map from the IPU and UN Women shows that women continue to be underrepresented across all levels of power. Watch this interview with Gabriela Cuevas, President of the IPU, and Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, Executive Director of UN Women, for insight on the progress of women's...
2019 Parliamentary Elections in Moldova - Gender perspective
The infographics are produced by the Central Electoral Commission of Moldova, with the support of “Enhancing democracy in Moldova through inclusive and transparent elections” Project, implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP Moldova) with the financial support of the United...
Silvia Dinica
Silvia Dinica is a Member of Parliament of Romania.This interview was conducted in October 2018 in the margins of IPU’s 139th Assembly in Geneva.
A Primer for Parliamentary Action: Gender-sensitive Responses to COVID-19
This Primer highlights practical ways Members of Parliament (MPs) and parliamentary staff can take action to ensure COVID-19 response and recovery decision-making address women’s needs. It is informed by the differential impacts of the disease on women as documented to date, and the common needs...
HeForShe Action Kit for Parliaments
This Action Kit has been developed to guide the overall implementation of the HeForShe solidarity movement. It provides general information about the campaign, simple-to-follow implementation steps and a list of accessible campaign tools and resources. It is specifically tailored for...
Guidelines for the elimination of sexism, harassment and violence against women in parliament
These guidelines offer advice and practical information for parliamentarians and parliamentary staff on how to transform parliaments into gender-sensitive environments free from sexism and abuse. Click here to listen the guidelines.
Women Count: A casebook for Gender Responsive Budgeting groups
Women Count is a resource produced by the UK Women’s Budget Group for anyone who wants to work on gender responsive budgeting. It is available as a PDF and through a dedicated website: womencount.wbg.org.ukWomen throughout the world still face inequality throughout...
Making Laws Work for Women and Men: A Practical Guide to Gender-Sensitive Legislation
This ODIHR guide looks at the legislative process as a vital entry point for gender mainstreaming, while taking into account the direct and tangible impact of legislation on people’s lives. It is primarily intended for members of parliament and parliamentary staff, and aims to offer practical...
ipu toolkit
Evaluating the gender sensitivity of parliaments: A self assessment toolkit by IPU
While parliaments vary in their level of gender sensitivity, there is room for improvement across the globe. This toolkit is relevant to all parliaments, whatever political system they adhere to and whatever their stage of development. The self-assessment process is not intended to rank parliaments...

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iKNOW Politics Partners Resources

UN Women
A Primer for Parliamentary Action: Gender-sensitive Responses to COVID-19
Inter-Parliamentary Union
Women in parliament: 1995–2020 - 25 years in review
International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
International Idea's GSoD In Focus: Political gender equality and the global state of democracy indices
Inter-Parliamentary Union
Women in parliament in 2018: The year in review

Related Websites

UN Women's Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database
City 50-50 Platform encourages gender parity in power spheres in Brazil
Violence against Women in Politics
E-learning Portal for Parliaments
Women’s Caucus Fact Sheet