Parliaments & Representatives

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Closing the Gender Gap in Politics
BackgroundMore than 40 years after the entry into force of CEDAW and 26 years after the United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, progress around women’s full and equal political participation has stalled and gender balance remains a long way off. Women only make up 25% of all...
Commemorating the 40th Anniversary of CEDAW
BackgroundThe Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) is the most important treaty on women’s human rights. Adopted in December 1979 and ratified by 189 States, it is a leading tool in eliminating all forms of discrimination against women and...
Violence Against Women in Politics
For more than one year, the groundbreaking #MeToo movement and related Time’s Up initiative have broken taboos and sparked an unprecedented global conversation about the sexism, harassment and violence many women face in professional environments.Women politicians have also been saying #MeToo in...
Youth Political Participation
Young people are often excluded or overlooked as political candidates. Politics is typically regarded as a space for politically experienced men, and while women are often disadvantaged in accumulating experience to run for office, young people are systematically marginalized because of their young...
Violence Against Women in Politics
Recently, elected women from France, Canada, Scotland and Israel, to name a few examples, publicly condemned misogynist and violent political cultures. Not only did they expose acts of harassment and violence in politics, they made the case that violence should not be the price of participating in...
Eliminating Discriminatory Laws and Closing Gender Gaps
Worldwide, several challenges to the full realization of women's rights persist, and women continue face discrimination in access to education, work, social protection, inheritance, economic assets, productive resources and participation in decision-making and society at large.Gender discrimination...
The Signal
Australian politics, as told by women
Parliament's gender problem is as old as the institution itself.Today on The Signal, a story of an alleged workplace assault in the 80s that's never been publicly heard before.What does it reveal about that world then, and now?We speak with the host of the new ABC TV and podcast series 'Ms...
On China, Covid-19 and being the first woman in the job: Samoa’s first female PM– video
‘Women have not been able to hold these positions’: Samoa’s first female PM gets down to the job
After months of political turmoil, following the country’s most contentious election, Fiama Naomi Mata’afa is ready to get to work.The prime minister’s office in Apia, the capital of Samoa, which overlooks the harbour, has just been vacated by the man who held the job for 22 years.The...
PACE video
Enhancing participation of women from under-represented groups in political and public decision-making
PACE called on member States to promote the participation of women from under-represented groups in political decision-making by acting at several levels, with particular emphasis on combating gender-based stereotypes and sexism, access to public decision-making, and participation in political...
BBC Africa
Tanzania: Reaction to Samia Suluhu Hassan as new president
Newly inaugurated Samia Suluhu Hassan who served as Tanzanian vice-president under President John Magufuli has declared 21 days of mourning for her predecessor. Click here to access the recording.Listen to Rumbidzai Kandawasvika-Nhundu, Senior Advisor for Democracy and Inclusion at International...
IPU President
Statement by IPU President, Duarte Pacheco, on International Women's Day 2021
The IPU has been promoting gender equality for decades ever since the first woman parliamentarian took the floor at an IPU parliamentary event in 1922. On 8 March, 2021, International Women's Day, listen to IPU President, Mr. Duarte Pacheco, speak on why gender equality is so important...
Gender equality laws around the world - what can parliaments do?
Watch the third in a series of short videos on the Sustainable Development Goal 5 on gender equality. This video on legislation for gender equality looks at how countries can achieve full gender equality, something that none of them have done until now.This is a partnership video project between...
A Primer for Parliamentary Action: Gender-sensitive Responses to COVID-19
This Primer highlights practical ways Members of Parliament (MPs) and parliamentary staff can take action to ensure COVID-19 response and recovery decision-making address women’s needs. It is informed by the differential impacts of the disease on women as documented to date, and the common needs...
HeForShe Action Kit for Parliaments
This Action Kit has been developed to guide the overall implementation of the HeForShe solidarity movement. It provides general information about the campaign, simple-to-follow implementation steps and a list of accessible campaign tools and resources. It is specifically tailored for...
Guidelines for the elimination of sexism, harassment and violence against women in parliament
These guidelines offer advice and practical information for parliamentarians and parliamentary staff on how to transform parliaments into gender-sensitive environments free from sexism and abuse. Click here to listen the guidelines.
Women Count: A casebook for Gender Responsive Budgeting groups
Women Count is a resource produced by the UK Women’s Budget Group for anyone who wants to work on gender responsive budgeting. It is available as a PDF and through a dedicated website: throughout the world still face inequality throughout...
Making Laws Work for Women and Men: A Practical Guide to Gender-Sensitive Legislation
This ODIHR guide looks at the legislative process as a vital entry point for gender mainstreaming, while taking into account the direct and tangible impact of legislation on people’s lives. It is primarily intended for members of parliament and parliamentary staff, and aims to offer practical...
ipu toolkit
Evaluating the gender sensitivity of parliaments: A self assessment toolkit by IPU
While parliaments vary in their level of gender sensitivity, there is room for improvement across the globe. This toolkit is relevant to all parliaments, whatever political system they adhere to and whatever their stage of development. The self-assessment process is not intended to rank parliaments...

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iKNOW Politics Partners Resources

International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA)
Women’s Political Participation: Africa Barometer 2021
International IDEA
UN Women, Inter-Parliamentary Union
Women in Politics Map 2021
UN Women, Inter-Parliamentary Union
Women in Politics Map 2021
Inter-Parliamentary Union
Women in Parliament in 2020: The year in review
© Hagen Hopkins/Getty Images via AFP

Related Websites

UN Women's Global Gender Equality Constitutional Database
City 50-50 Platform encourages gender parity in power spheres in Brazil
Violence against Women in Politics
E-learning Portal for Parliaments
Women’s Caucus Fact Sheet